Birds of Andorra

Number of species: 161
Number of introduced species: 1
Date last reviewed: October 10th 2004
Common Name
Latin Name
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae Eared Grebe (Rare/Accidental) Podiceps nigricollis 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae Gray Heron Ardea cinerea
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae White Stork Ciconia ciconia
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae Eurasian Teal 
Northern Shoveler
Anas crecca
Anas platyrhynchos
Anas clypeata
FALCONIFORMES: Pandionidae Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Lammergeier, Andorra
The Lammergeier
FALCONIFORMES: Accipitridae  European Honey-buzzard
Red Kite
Black Kite
Egyptian Vulture  Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Griffon
Short-toed Eagle
Western Marsh-Harrier
Montagu's Harrier
Eurasian Sparrowhawk
Northern Goshawk
Eurasian Buzzard
Golden Eagle
Booted Eagle
Pernis apivorus
Milvus milvus
Milvus migrans
Gypaetus barbatus
Neophron percnopterus 
Gyps fulvus
Circaetus gallicus
Circus aeruginosus
Circus pygargus
Accipiter nisus
Accipiter gentilis
Buteo buteo
Aquila chrysaetos
Aquila pennatus
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae Eurasian Kestrel
Eurasian Hobby
Peregrine Falcon
Falco tinnunculus
Falco columbarius
Falco subbuteo
Falco peregrinus

Eurasian Capercaillie
GALLIFORMES: Tetraonidae Rock Ptarmigan 
Eurasian Capercaillie
Lagopus muta
Tetrao urogallus
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae Red-legged Partridge
Gray Partridge
Common Quail
Ring-necked Pheasant  Introduced species
Alectoris rufa
Perdix perdix
Coturnix coturnix
Phasianus colchicus
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae Common Crane Grus grus
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae Northern Lapwing
Eurasian Dotterel
Vanellus vanellus
Charadrius morinellus
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae Eurasian Woodcock
Common Sandpiper
Scolopax rusticola
Actitis hypoleucos
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae Rock Pigeon
Stock Pigeon
Common Wood-Pigeon
Eurasian Turtle-Dove Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-Dove Rare/Accidental
Columba livia
Columba oenas
Columba palumbus
Streptopelia turtur 
Streptopelia decaocto 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae Barn Owl Tyto alba
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae European Scops-Owl Otus scops
Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo
Tawny Owl Strix aluco
Little Owl Athene noctua Rare/Accidental
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Otus scops
Bubo bubo
Strix aluco
Athene noctua Rare/Accidental
Aegolius funereus
Asio otus
Asio flammeus
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
APODIFORMES: Apodidae Alpine Swift
Common Swift
Pallid Swift
Tachymarptis melba
Apus apus
Apus pallidus
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae Common Kingfisher  Alcedo atthis
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae European Bee-eater  Merops apiaster
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae European Roller  Coracias garrulus
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae Hoopoe  Upupa epops
PICIFORMES: Picidae Eurasian Wryneck
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker
Great Spotted Woodpecker
Black Woodpecker
Green Woodpecker
Jynx torquilla
Dendrocopos minor
Dendrocopos major
Dryocopus martius
Picus viridis
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae Crested Lark 
Thekla Lark
Wood Lark
Sky Lark
Galerida cristata
Galerida theklae
Lullula arborea
Alauda arvensis
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae Bank Swallow
Eurasian Crag-Martin
Barn Swallow
Common House-Martin
Riparia riparia
Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Hirundo rustica
Delichon urbica
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae White Wagtail 
Yellow Wagtail 
Gray Wagtail 
Tawny Pipit 
Tree Pipit 
Meadow Pipit 
Water Pipit 
Motacilla alba
Motacilla flava
Motacilla cinerea
Anthus campestris
Anthus trivialis
Anthus pratensis
Anthus spinoletta
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae Goldcrest 
Regulus regulus
Regulus ignicapillus
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae White-throated Dipper  Cinclus cinclus
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae Alpine Accentor 
Prunella collaris
Prunella modularis
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush 
Blue Rock-Thrush 
Ring Ouzel 
Eurasian Blackbird 
Song Thrush 
Mistle Thrush 
Monticola saxatilis
Monticola solitarius
Turdus torquatus
Turdus merula
Turdus pilaris
Turdus iliacus
Turdus philomelos
Turdus viscivorus
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae Eurasian Reed-Warbler Rare/Accidental
Melodious Warbler 
Willow Warbler 
Common Chiffchaff 
Western Bonelli's Warbler 
Wood Warbler 
Garden Warbler 
Greater Whitethroat 
Western Orphean Warbler 
Subalpine Warbler 
Sardinian Warbler Rare/Accidental
Dartford Warbler 
Acrocephalus scirpaceus 
Hippolais polyglotta
Phylloscopus trochilus
Phylloscopus collybita
Phylloscopus bonelli
Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Sylvia atricapilla
Sylvia borin
Sylvia communis
Sylvia hortensis
Sylvia cantillans
Sylvia melanocephala 
Sylvia undata
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae Spotted Flycatcher 
European Pied Flycatcher 
European Robin 
Common Nightingale 
Black Redstart 
Common Redstart
European Stonechat 
Northern Wheatear 
Black-eared Wheatear 
Muscicapa striata
Ficedula hypoleuca
Erithacus rubecula
Luscinia megarhynchos
Phoenicurus ochruros
Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Saxicola rubetra
Saxicola rubicola
Oenanthe oenanthe
Oenanthe hispanica
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae Long-tailed Tit  Aegithalos caudatus
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae Marsh Tit 
Coal Tit 
Crested Tit 
Great Tit 
Blue Tit 
Poecile palustris
Periparus ater
Lophophanes cristatus
Parus major
Cyanistes caeruleus
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae Eurasian Treecreeper
Short-toed Treecreeper
Certhia familiaris
Certhia brachydactyla
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae Red-backed Shrike 
Northern Shrike
Southern Gray Shrike Rare/Accidental
Woodchat Shrike 
Lanius collurio
Lanius excubitor
Lanius meridionalis 
Lanius senator
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae Eurasian Jay 
Eurasian Magpie 
Red-billed Chough 
Yellow-billed Chough 
Eurasian Jackdaw  Rare/Accidental
Carrion Crow 
Common Raven
Garrulus glandarius
Pica pica
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Pyrrhocorax graculus
Corvus monedula
Corvus frugilegus
Corvus corone
Corvus corax
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae European Starling Sturnus vulgaris
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae Yellowhammer 
Cirl Bunting 
Rock Bunting 
Ortolan Bunting 
Corn Bunting 
Emberiza citrinella
Emberiza cirlus
Emberiza cia
Emberiza hortulana
Emberiza calandra
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae Chaffinch 
Red Crossbill 
European Greenfinch 
Eurasian Siskin 
European Goldfinch 
Eurasian Linnet 
European Serin 
Citril Finch 
Eurasian Bullfinch 
Fringilla coelebs
Fringilla montifringilla
Loxia curvirostra
Carduelis chloris
Carduelis spinus
Carduelis carduelis
Carduelis cannabina
Serinus serinus
Serinus citrinella
Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Coccothraustes coccothraustes
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae House Sparrow 
Eurasian Tree Sparrow 
Rock Petronia 
White-winged Snowfinch 
Passer domesticus
Passer montanus
Petronia petronia
Montifringilla nivalis

"Where to watch"
There are many places in Andorra in order to watch birds.  Below, you will find information on the area of Xixerella, 10 minutes by car from your holiday apartment or chalet. 

Area: Xixerella, Parish la Massana
Altitude 1,350-2,572 m Surface area 940 ha
Habitats Conifer forests (Mountain Pine, Scots Pine, Silver Fir), transition forests, Rhododendron thickets, high mountain pastures, montane grasslands, rocky habitats (rock and cliff vegetation), aquatic areas (torrents), urban zones.
Land use Stock raising, tourism and recreation, urban nuclei.

Small, predominantly calcareous massif, with strongly vertical reliefs in its lower part, more gentle in proximity to Pic Alt de la Capa (reaching 2,572 m). Small ravines on the southern face. There are extensive conifer forests (Scots and Mountain Pine) in the central-eastern sectors and an area of alpine meadow in the north-west. A stable population of chamois (65-85 head: V. Martínez pers. comm.), roe deer (increasing) and wild boar. A good population of Pyrenean brook salamander. Land use is, in practice, of little importance. Hunting is forbidden throughout the year in the larger part of the area and there are no important walking trails.
The main threat is caused by the expansion of the Arinsal ski resort (two pistes were built a few years ago on the Obaga de Galliner, but have fortunately been abandoned) which has recently been connected to the Pal station, situated at the boundary of the area. Poaching and urban development (at Pal, Xixerella and Erts) are other immediate problems.

Ornithological importance
Species present in danger of extinction: Lammergeier and Golden Eagle (potential nesting zone), and Capercaillie (1-3 males). A breeding species of concentrated distribution is Peregrine Falcon (1 pair).  Other threatened species present are Common Buzzard (1 pair), Sparrowhawk (1 pair), Goshawk (1 pair), Kestrel (3-5 pairs), Ptarmigan, Wood Pigeon, Tengmalm's Owl (minimum 1 territory), Black Woodpecker (1 pair), Green Woodpecker, Ring Ouzel and Cirl Bunting.

Useful links:

Bird Checklists of the World: Andorra:

General Webpages

Associacio per a la defensa de la natura: